Papers

Here are links to PDF files of some of my publications.  An asterisk ("*") denotes a graduate student or postdoc first-author on a project initiated under my supervision.  

Seismic Oceanography:

• Holbrook, W.S., P. Páramo, S. Pearse, and R.W. Schmitt, 2003, Thermohaline fine structure in an oceanographic front from seismic reflection profiling, Science, v. 301, p. 821-824.  (See accompanying “Perspective” article by B. Ruddick, “Sounding out ocean fine structure,” on p. 772-773 of same issue.)

*Nandi, P., W.S. Holbrook, S. Pearse, P. Páramo, and R.W. Schmitt, Seismic reflection imaging of Norwegian Sea water mass boundaries, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, L23311, doi:10.1029/2004GL021325.

• Holbrook, W.S., and I. Fer, 2005, Ocean internal wave spectra inferred from seismic reflection transects, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 32, L15604, doi:10.1029/2005GL023733.

• *Páramo, P., and W. S. Holbrook, 2005, Temperature contrasts in the water column inferred from amplitude-versus-offset analysis of acoustic reflections, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 32, L24611, doi:10.1029/2005GL024533.

• Wood, W.T., W.S. Holbrook, M.K. Sen, and P.L. Stoffa, 2008, Full waveform inversion of reflection seismic data for ocean temperature profiles, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L04608, doi:10.1029/2007GL032359.

Gas Hydrates:

• Holbrook, W.S., H. Hoskins, W.T. Wood, R.A. Stephen, D. Lizarralde, and the Leg 164 Science Party, 1996, Methane hydrate and free gas on the Blake Ridge from vertical seismic profiling, Science, v. 273, p. 1840–1843.

*Hornbach, M.J., D.M. Saffer, and W.S. Holbrook, 2004Critically pressured free gas reservoirs below gas hydrate provinces, Nature v. 427, 142 - 144 (08 January 2004); doi:10.1038/nature02172.

*Gorman, A.R., W.S. Holbrook, M.J. Hornbach, K.L. Hackwith, D. Lizarralde, and I.A. Pecher, 2002, Rapid gas migration through the hydrate stability zone on the Blake Ridge, Geology, v. 30, p. 327–330.

• Holbrook, W.S., D. Lizarralde, I.A. Pecher, A.R. Gorman, K.L. Hackwith, M. Hornbach, and D. Saffer, 2002, Methane gas escape through sediment waves in a large methane hydrate province, Geology, v. 30, p. 467–470.

• Holbrook, W.S., A.R. Gorman, M.J. Hornbach, K.L. Hackwith, J.W. Nealon, D. Lizarralde, and I.A. Pecher, 2002, Seismic detection of marine methane hydrate, The Leading Edge, v 21, p. 686–689.

*Hornbach, M.J., W.S. Holbrook, A.R. Gorman, K.L. Hackwith, D. Lizarralde, and I. Pecher, 2003, Direct seismic detection of methane hydrate on the Blake Ridge, Geophysics,  v. 68, p. 92–100.

• *Pecher, I.A., W.S. Holbrook, M.K. Sen, D. Lizarralde, W.T. Wood, D.R. Hutchinson, W.P. Dillon, H. Hoskins, R.A. Stephen, 2003, Seismic anisotropy in gas-hydrate- and gas-bearing sediments on the Blake Ridge – results from a walkaway vertical seismic profile, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 30, no. 14, 1733, doi:10.1029/2003GL017477.

*Korenaga, J., W.S. Holbrook, S.C. Singh, and T.A. Minshull, 1997, Natural gas hydrates on the Southeast U.S. margin:  Constraints from full waveform and traveltime inversions of wide-angle seismic data, J. Geophys. Res., v. 102, p. 15,345–15,365.

*Katzman, R., W.S. Holbrook, and C.K. Paull, 1994, A combined vertical-incidence and wide-angle seismic study of a gas hydrate zone, Blake Ridge, J. Geophys. Res., v. 99, p.17,975–17,995.

*Brown, H.E., W.S. Holbrook, M.J. Hornbach, and J. Nealon, 2006, Role of gas hydrate phase boundary in Storegga Slide, Norway, Marine Geology, v. 229, p. 179-186.

• Paull, C.K., W. Ussler III, and W.S. Holbrook, 2007, Assessing methane release from the colossal Storegga submarine landslide, Geophysical Research Letters 34(4), Art. No. L04601.

• Paull, C.K., W. Ussler III, W.S. Holbrook, T.M. Hill, R. Keaten, J. Mienert, H. Haflidason, J.E. Johnson, W.J. Winters, T.D. Lorenson, 2008Origin of pockmarks and chimney structures on the flanks of the Storegga Slide, offshore Norway, Geo-Marine Letters, v. 28, p. 43-51.

• *Hornbach, M.J., D. Saffer, W.S. Holbrook, A.R. Gorman, H. Van Avendonk, and D. Lizarralde, 2008, 3D seismic imaging of the Blake Ridge methane hydrate province:  evidence for large concentrated zones of gas hydrate and morphologically driven advection, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, B07101, doi:10.1029/2007JB005392.

Rifted Continental Margins:

• Holbrook, W.S., and P.B. Kelemen, 1993, Large igneous province on the U.S. Atlantic margin and implications for magmatism during continental breakup, Nature, v. 364, p. 433–436.  (see also accompanying News & Views article, Margins declassified, by J.C. Mutter, Nature, v. 364, p. 393–394.)

• Lizarralde, D., G.J. Axen, H.E. Brown, J.M. Fletcher, A. González-Fernández, A.J. Harding, W.S. Holbrook, G.M. Kent, P. Paramo, F. Sutherland, and P.J. Umhoefer, 2007, Variation in styles of rifting in the Gulf of California, Nature, v. 448, p. 466–469 (26 July 2007), doi: 10.1038/nature06035.

• Holbrook, W.S., G.M. Purdy, R.E. Sheridan, L. Glover, III, M. Talwani, J. Ewing, and D. Hutchinson, 1994, Seismic structure of the U.S. Mid-Atlantic continental margin, J. Geophys. Res., v. 99, p. 17,871–17,891.

• Holbrook, W.S., E.C. Reiter, G.M. Purdy, D. Sawyer, P.L. Stoffa, J.A. Austin, Jr., J. Oh, and J. Makris, 1994, Deep structure of the U.S. Atlantic continental margin, offshore South Carolina, from coincident ocean-bottom and multichannel seismic data, J. Geophys. Res., v. 99, p. 9155–9178.

• Holbrook, W.S., E.C. Reiter, G.M. Purdy and M.N. Toksöz, 1992, Image of the Moho across the continent-ocean transition, U.S. east coast, Geology, v. 20, p. 203–206.

• Kelemen, P.B., and W.S. Holbrook, 1995, Origin of thick, high-velocity crust along the U.S. East Coast margin, J. Geophys. Res., v. 100, p. 10,077–10,094.

*Lizarralde, D., and W.S. Holbrook, 1997, U.S. Mid-Atlantic margin structure and early thermal evolution, J. Geophys. Res., v. 102, p. 22,855–22,875.

*Korenaga, J., W.S. Holbrook, G.M. Kent, P.B. Kelemen, R.S. Detrick, H.-C. Larsen, J.R. Hopper, and T. Dahl-Jensen, 2000, Crustal structure of the Southeast Greenland margin from joint refraction and reflection seismic tomography, J. Geophys. Res., v. 105, p. 21,591–21,614.

*Korenaga, J., W.S. Holbrook, R.S. Detrick, and P.B. Kelemen, 2001, Gravity anomalies and crustal structure at the southeast Greenland margin, J. Geophys. Res., v. 106, pp. 8853–8870.

• Holbrook, W.S., H.C. Larsen, J. Korenaga, T. Dahl-Jensen, I. Reid, G. Kent, J. Hopper, P. Kelemen, S. Bernstein, R. Detrick, and D. Lizarralde, 2001, Mantle thermal structure and active upwelling during continental breakup in the North Atlantic, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v.190, p. 251-266.

*Korenaga, J., P.B. Kelemen, and W.S. Holbrook, 2002, Methods for resolving the origin of large igneous provinces from crustal seismology, J. Geophys. Res., vol. 107, no. B9, 2178, doi:10.1029/2001JB001030.

• Hopper, J.R., T. Funck, B. Tucholke, K.E. Louden, W.S. Holbrook, H.C. Larsen,  2006, A deep seismic investigation of the Flemish Cap margin: Implications for the origin of deep reflectivity and evidence for asymmetric break-up between Newfoundland and Iberia, Geophysical Journal International, v. 164, p. 501-515, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.02800.x.

• *Shillington D. J., W. S. Holbrook, H. J. A. Van Avendonk, B. E. Tucholke, J. R. Hopper, K. E. Louden, H. C. Larsen, G. T. Nunes, 2006, Evidence for asymmetric nonvolcanic rifting and slow incipient oceanic accretion from seismic reflection data on the Newfoundland margin, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B09402, doi:10.1029/2005JB003981.

*Van Avendonk H. J. A., W. S. Holbrook, G. T. Nunes, D. J. Shillington, B. E. Tucholke, K. E. Louden, H. C. Larsen, J. R. Hopper, 2006, Seismic velocity structure of the rifted margin of the eastern Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B11404, doi:10.1029/2005JB004156.

Arcs:

• Holbrook, W.S., D. Lizarralde, S. McGeary, N. Bangs, and J. Diebold, 1999, Structure and composition of the Aleutian island arc and implications for continental crustal growth, Geology, v. 27, p. 31–34.

*Lizarralde, D., W. S. Holbrook, S. McGeary, N. L. Bangs, and J. B. Diebold, 2002, Crustal construction of a volcanic arc, wide-angle seismic results from the western Alaska Peninsula,  J. Geophys. Res., vol. 107, no. B8, doi:10.1029/2001JB000230.

*Van Avendonk, H. J. A. , D. J. Shillington, W. S. Holbrook, and M. J. Hornbach, 2004, Inferring crustal structure in the Aleutian island arc from a sparse wide-angle seismic data set ,Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 5, Q08008, doi: 10.1029/2004GC000715.

• *Shillington, D.J., Van Avendonk, H., W.S. Holbrook, P. Kelemen, and M. Hornbach, 2004, Composition and structure of the central Aleutian island arc from arc-parallel wide-angle seismic data, 2004, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., Vol. 5, No. 10, Q10006, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004GC000715.

Continental Crust P- and S-velocity structure:

• Holbrook, W.S., Gajewski, D., Krammer, A., and C. Prodehl, 1988, An interpretation of wide-angle compressional- and shear-wave data in Southwest Germany:  Poisson's ratio and petrological implications, J. Geophys. Research, v. 93, p. 12,081-12,106.

• Holbrook, W.S., Catchings, R.D., and C.M. Jarchow, 1991, The origin of deep crustal reflections:  Implications of coincident seismic refraction and reflection data in Nevada, Geology, v. 19, p. 175–179.

• Holbrook, W.S., 1990, The crustal structure of the northwestern Basin and Range province, Nevada, from wide-angle seismic data, J. Geophys. Res., v. 95, p. 21,843–21,869.

• Holbrook, W.S., Gajewski, D., and C. Prodehl, 1987, Shear-wave velocity and Pois­son's ratio structure of the upper lithosphere in Southwest Germany, Geophysical Re­search Letters, v. 14, p. 231-234.

Transform and Transpressional Boundaries:

• Brocher, T.M., J. McCarthy, P.E. Hart, W.S. Holbrook, K.P. Furlong, T.V. McEvilly, J. Hole, and S.L. Klemperer, 1994, Seismic evidence for a lower-crustal detachment beneath San Francisco Bay, California, Science, v. 265, p. 1436–1439.

• Holbrook, W.S., T.M. Brocher, U.S. ten Brink, and J.A. Hole, 1996, Crustal structure of a transform plate boundary:  San Francisco Bay and the central California margin, J. Geophys. Res., v. 101, p. 22,311–22,334.

• Davey, F.J., T. Henyey, W.S. Holbrook, D. Okaya, T.A. Stern, A. Melhuish, S. Henrys, H. Anderson, D. Eberhart-Phillips, T. McEvilly, R. Uhrhammer, F. Wu, G.R. Jiracek, P.E. Wannamaker, G. Caldwell, and N. Christensen, 1998, Preliminary results from a geophysical study across a modern, continent-continent collisional plate boundary - the Southern Alps, New Zealand, Tectonophysics, v. 288, p. 221–235.

• Scherwath, M., T. Stern, F. Davey, D. Okaya, W.S. Holbrook, R. Davies and S. Kleffmann, 2003, Lithospheric structure across oblique continental collision in New Zealand from wide-angle P-wave modelling, J. Geophys. Res, v. 108, no. B12, 2566, doi:10.1029/2002JB002286.

*Van Avendonk, H.J.A., W.S. Holbrook, D. Okaya, J.K. Austin, F. Davey, and T. Stern, 2004, Continental crust under compression: A seismic refraction study of SIGHT Transect I, South Island, New Zealand, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B06302, 10.1029/2003JB002790.

• Melhuish, A., W.S. Holbrook, F. Davey, D.A. Okaya, and T. Stern, 2005, Crustal and upper mantle seismic structure of the Australian Plate, South Island, New Zealand, Tectonophysics, v. 395, p. 113-135.

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